# How to Download Akhiezer Quantum Electrodynamics Djvu: A Guide for Students and Researchers

## Akhiezer Quantum Electrodynamics Djvu Download

Quantum electrodynamics (QED) is one of the most successful and fundamental theories in physics. It describes how light and matter interact with each other at the quantum level. QED has been tested by countless experiments and has predicted many phenomena with astonishing accuracy. QED has also inspired many other fields of physics, such as quantum field theory, particle physics, condensed matter physics, and quantum information.

## Akhiezer Quantum Electrodynamics Djvu Download

One of the classic textbooks on QED is Quantum Electrodynamics by A. I. Akhiezer and V. B. Berestetskii. This book was first published in Russian in 1959 and then translated into English in 1965. It is a comprehensive and rigorous exposition of QED, covering both the basic principles and the advanced topics. The book is based on the lectures given by Akhiezer and Berestetskii at Kharkov University, where they were both professors of theoretical physics.

The book is important and relevant for several reasons. First, it is one of the few books that present QED from a covariant point of view, using four-dimensional notation and Lorentz-invariant methods. This approach makes QED more elegant and transparent, as well as more generalizable to other fields. Second, the book covers many topics that are not usually found in other textbooks, such as photon wave functions, polarization of vacuum, annihilation of pairs, etc. These topics are essential for understanding QED in depth and for exploring its applications. Third, the book is written in a clear and concise style, with many examples, exercises, diagrams, and tables. The book is suitable for both students and researchers who want to learn QED systematically.

In this article, we will show you how to download the book in Djvu format, what are the main topics covered in the book, and how to read and understand the book. We hope that this article will help you appreciate this masterpiece of physics literature.

## How to download the book in Djvu format?

Djvu is a file format that is designed for storing scanned documents, especially those with text, images, and drawings. Djvu files are compressed using a special algorithm that preserves the quality and resolution of the original document while reducing its size significantly. Djvu files can be viewed using various software applications, such as WinDjView, DjVuLibre, or Sumatra PDF.

There are several advantages of using Djvu format for books like Quantum Electrodynamics. First, Djvu files are much smaller than PDF files, which means they can be downloaded faster and stored more easily. For example, the Djvu file of the book is only 9.4 MB, while the PDF file is 38.8 MB. Second, Djvu files retain the original layout and appearance of the book, which is important for books with complex mathematical formulas and diagrams. Third, Djvu files allow for better zooming and searching of the text, which is useful for reading and studying the book.

However, there are also some disadvantages of using Djvu format. First, Djvu files are not as widely supported as PDF files, which means they may not be compatible with some devices or platforms. Second, Djvu files may have some errors or glitches in the scanning or conversion process, which may affect the readability or accuracy of the book. Third, Djvu files may not have some features that PDF files have, such as bookmarks, annotations, or hyperlinks.

Therefore, before downloading the book in Djvu format, you should weigh the pros and cons and decide which format suits your needs and preferences better. If you choose to download the book in Djvu format, here are some sources that you can use:

Archive.org: This is a website that provides free access to millions of books, movies, music, and other digital content. You can download the book in Djvu format from this link: Akhiezer, Berestetskii - Quantum Electrodynamics.djvu. You can also view the book online or download it in other formats, such as PDF or EPUB.

Library Genesis: This is a website that provides free access to thousands of books and articles on various topics. You can download the book in Djvu format from this link: Akhiezer A.I., Berestetskii V.B. Quantum electrodynamics.djvu. You can also search for other books by Akhiezer and Berestetskii or by QED on this website.

Z-Library: This is another website that provides free access to millions of books and articles on various topics. You can download the book in Djvu format from this link: Quantum electrodynamics.djvu. You can also browse or search for other books by Akhiezer and Berestetskii or by QED on this website.

## What are the main topics covered in the book?

The book consists of 14 chapters and 4 appendices, covering a wide range of topics in QED. Here is a brief summary of each chapter and appendix:

ChapterTitleSummary

1Photon wave functions and angular momentumThis chapter introduces the concept of photon wave functions and their properties. It also discusses the angular momentum of photons and its conservation laws.

2Photon scattering and relativistic quantum mechanicsThis chapter reviews the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics and applies them to photon scattering processes. It also derives the Klein-Nishina formula and the Compton effect.

3Theory of electron and quantized electromagnetic fieldsThis chapter develops the theory of electron and quantized electromagnetic fields using second quantization methods. It also introduces the Dirac equation and its solutions.

4Electron-positron fields and scattering matrixThis chapter extends the theory of electron and quantized electromagnetic fields to include positrons and antiparticles. It also introduces the concept of scattering matrix and its properties.

a photon). It also explains the concepts of cross section, differential cross section, and total cross section.

6Retarded potential and method of equivalent photonsThis chapter introduces the concept of retarded potential and its application to QED. It also explains the method of equivalent photons and its use for calculating cross sections of various processes.

7Radiation correction and particles of spin zeroThis chapter discusses the problem of radiation correction and its solution using renormalization methods. It also extends the theory of QED to particles of spin zero, such as scalar and pseudoscalar mesons.

8Polarization of vacuum and annihilation of pairsThis chapter studies the phenomena of polarization of vacuum and annihilation of pairs in QED. It also derives the Lamb shift and the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron.

9Scattering by a constant fieldThis chapter analyzes the scattering of electrons and photons by a constant external field, such as a uniform electric or magnetic field. It also introduces the concept of effective action and its relation to QED.

10Scattering by a plane electromagnetic waveThis chapter investigates the scattering of electrons and photons by a plane electromagnetic wave, such as a laser beam. It also discusses the phenomena of nonlinear Compton effect, harmonic generation, and pair production.

11Scattering by an arbitrary fieldThis chapter generalizes the theory of scattering by an external field to an arbitrary field, such as a pulsed or focused laser beam. It also introduces the concept of Fock-Schwinger gauge and its application to QED.

12Dispersion relations in QEDThis chapter derives the dispersion relations in QED using analyticity and causality properties of the scattering matrix. It also applies the dispersion relations to calculate various physical quantities, such as cross sections, polarizabilities, and form factors.

13Causality and unitarity in QEDThis chapter discusses the principles of causality and unitarity in QED and their consequences for the scattering matrix. It also explains the concept of optical theorem and its use for checking the consistency of QED.

14The renormalization group in QEDThis chapter introduces the concept of renormalization group in QED and its use for studying the behavior of QED at different energy scales. It also discusses the phenomena of asymptotic freedom and scaling violations in QED.

AppendixTitleSummary

AThe Dirac matricesThis appendix reviews the properties and representations of the Dirac matrices and their algebra.

td>This appendix reviews the properties and transformations of the gamma matrices in an arbitrary frame of reference.

CThe Dirac equation in an arbitrary frameThis appendix derives the Dirac equation and its solutions in an arbitrary frame of reference using the tetrad formalism.

DThe Fock-Schwinger gaugeThis appendix explains the Fock-Schwinger gauge and its advantages for solving QED problems in an arbitrary field.

## How to read and understand the book?

The book is not an easy read for beginners or even for advanced students of physics. It requires a solid background in quantum mechanics, special relativity, and classical electrodynamics. It also uses a lot of mathematical tools and techniques, such as differential geometry, functional analysis, group theory, and complex analysis. Therefore, before reading the book, one should be familiar with these topics and have some references handy for consultation.

However, the book is also very rewarding and enlightening for those who want to master QED and learn from the original sources. The book is full of physical insights and explanations, as well as rigorous derivations and proofs. The book also provides many examples, exercises, diagrams, and tables to illustrate and test the concepts and results. The book is suitable for both self-study and classroom teaching.

Here are some tips and tricks to follow the book:

Read the book in order, from chapter 1 to chapter 14. Do not skip any chapter or section, as they are all interconnected and build on each other. The appendices can be read as needed, depending on your level of familiarity with the topics.

Pay attention to the notation and conventions used in the book. The book uses four-dimensional notation and Lorentz-invariant methods throughout. The book also uses natural units where c = 1 and h = 2Ï€. The book also uses different symbols for different quantities, such as greek letters for four-vectors, latin letters for three-vectors, capital letters for matrices, etc.

Work out the examples and exercises given in the book. They are essential for understanding and applying the theory. Some of them are simple checks or applications of the formulas, while others are more challenging or original problems. You can find some solutions online or in other books, but try to solve them by yourself first.

Consult other sources if you get stuck or confused by some parts of the book. There are many other books and articles on QED that can complement or clarify the material presented in the book. Some of them are listed below in the recommendations section.

Enjoy the beauty and elegance of QED and appreciate the contributions of Akhiezer and Berestetskii to this field. They were among the pioneers and leaders of QED research in the Soviet Union and worldwide. They wrote this book with passion and dedication, hoping to share their knowledge and enthusiasm with future generations of physicists.

## Conclusion

## the main topics covered in the book, and how to read and understand the book. We hope that this article has helped you appreciate this masterpiece of physics literature and motivated you to learn more about QED and its applications. Recommendations for further reading and learning

If you want to deepen your knowledge and understanding of QED and related topics, here are some recommendations for further reading and learning:

Quantum Field Theory by F. Mandl and G. Shaw: This is another classic textbook on QED that covers similar topics as Akhiezer and Berestetskii, but with a different style and emphasis. It is more accessible and pedagogical than Akhiezer and Berestetskii, but less comprehensive and rigorous. It is suitable for undergraduate or graduate students who want to learn QED from a modern perspective.

Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell by A. Zee: This is a more informal and intuitive introduction to QED and other aspects of quantum field theory, such as symmetry breaking, gauge theories, renormalization group, etc. It is written in a lively and entertaining style, with many examples, anecdotes, and exercises. It is suitable for advanced students or researchers who want to get a broad overview of quantum field theory without getting bogged down by technical details.

QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter by R.P. Feynman: This is a popular science book that explains QED to the general public using simple language and analogies. It is based on four lectures that Feynman gave at UCLA in 1983. It is a great book for anyone who wants to learn about QED from one of its founders and greatest expositors.

The Quantum Theory of Fields by S. Weinberg: This is a comprehensive and authoritative treatise on quantum field theory, covering both the foundations and the applications of the theory. It is written by one of the leading experts and Nobel laureates in the field. It is suitable for graduate students or researchers who want to master quantum field theory at a high level.

An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by M.E. Peskin and D.V. Schroeder: This is another comprehensive and modern textbook on quantum field theory, covering both QED and other topics, such as non-abelian gauge theories, spontaneous symmetry breaking, the Higgs mechanism, etc. It is written in a clear and pedagogical style, with many examples, problems, and solutions. It is suitable for graduate students or researchers who want to learn quantum field theory from a standard reference.

## Call to action for the readers

If you have read this far, congratulations! You have shown a great interest and curiosity for QED and its history. We hope that you have enjoyed this article and learned something new from it. We also hope that you will continue your journey of learning QED and its applications.

Here are some actions that you can take to further your learning:

Download Quantum Electrodynamics by Akhiezer and Berestetskii in Djvu format from one of the sources mentioned above.

Read the book carefully and work out the examples and exercises given in the book.

Consult other sources if you need more clarification or explanation on some parts of the book.

Share your thoughts and questions about the book with other learners or experts on online forums or platforms.

Apply your knowledge of QED to solve real-world problems or explore new phenomena.

This concludes our article on Quantum Electrodynamics by Akhiezer and Berestetskii Djvu Download. We hope that you have found it useful and informative. Thank you for reading! 71b2f0854b